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PABLO NERUDA

From the day he was born on July 12, 1904, to the day he died on September 23, 1973, his existence will be made of journeys, awards, family tragedies and political involvement that will force him to live in secrecy or in exile.

Book reviewer, writer, diplomat, senator and member of the Chilean Communist Party, Pablo Neruda chose his name in honor of an engaged Czech writer, Jan Neruda (1834-1891), and published under that pseudonym, which will become his official name in 1943, his first poem collection “Crepusculario” in 1923.

His major work, the “Canto General”, is a social, historic and cultural celebration of the South American continent and a cry of revolt against any kind of oppression. It was published in 1950.

In 1970, the Communist Party designated him as candidate to the presidency, but he withdrew in favor of Salvador Allende who was elected. The following year, he received the Nobel Prize in literature.

When general Pinochet overthrew Salvador Allende in 1973, Pablo Neruda, weakened by cancer, died a few days later.

His memoirs, in which he recounts with emotion and sensitivity his travels and commitments, were published in 1975 and titled “I Confess I have lived”.

Today, you can visit the three houses he had built (“La Chascona” in Santiago, “La Sebastiana” in Valparaiso and “Isla Negra” on the Pacific Coast, south of Valparaiso).

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